Uganda’s health system is composed of health services delivered in the public sector, by private providers, and by traditional and complementary health practitioners. It also includes community-based health care and health promotion activities.
Structure of Uganda health system.
The not-for-profit providers are run on a national and local basis and 78% are religiously based. Three main providers include the Uganda Catholic Medical Bureau, Uganda Protestant Medical Bureau, and the Uganda Muslin Medical Bureau. Nongovernmental organizations have emerged as prominent not-for-profit organizations for HIV/AIDS counselling and treatment. The for-profit providers include clinics and informal drug stores. Formal providers include medical and dental practitioners, nurses and midwives, pharmacies, and allied health professionals.Traditional providers include herbalists, spiritual healers, traditional birth attendants, hydro therapists, etc.
Uganda’s health system is divided into national and district-based levels. At the national level are the national referral hospitals, regional referral hospitals, and semi-autonomous institutions including the Uganda Blood Transfusion Services, the National Medical Stores, the Uganda Public Health Laboratories and the Uganda National Health Research Organization (UNHRO). The aim of Uganda’s health system is to deliver the national minimum health care package. Uganda runs a decentralized health system with national and district levels.